python Django增删改查 快速体验
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python Django增删改查 快速体验

2c
2c
2022-04-28 / 0 评论 / 28 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
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  1. 先创建个app子级

    python .\manage.py startapp app01


## 然后创建数据模型
**app01下的**
**modules.py文件**
from django.db import models

# Create your models here.
class UserInfo(models.Model):
    name=models.CharField(max_length=32)
    password=models.CharField(max_length=12)
    age=models.IntegerField()
    tel=models.IntegerField(max_length=11)

配置数据库

'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
        'NAME': '数据库名',
        'USER': '数据库用户名',
        'PASSWORD': '密码',
        'HOST': '127.0.0.1',
        'PORT': '3306',
    }
  1. 迁移数据库
python manage.py makemigrations 和 python manage.py migrate
  1. 写路由url
from django.contrib import admin
from django.urls import path,include
from app01 import views
urlpatterns = [
    # path('admin/', admin.site.urls),
    # path('index/',views.index),
    # path('user/list/', views.user_list),
    # path('login/', views.ApiLogin.as_view()),
    # path('del/', views.ApiDel.as_view()),
    path('add/', views.addUser.as_view()),
    path('user/', views.UserList.as_view()),
    path('updateuser/', views.upDateUser.as_view()),
    path('del/', views.deluser.as_view()),
]

4.view页面编写增删改查

from django.shortcuts import render,HttpResponse
from rest_framework.views import APIView
# Create your views here.
from django import views
from app01.models import UserInfo
from rest_framework.response import Response
from app01.ser import APIViewUserInfo




class addUser(APIView):
    def post(self,request):
        obj=APIViewUserInfo(data=request.data)
        if obj.is_valid():
            obj.save()
            return Response({"data":obj.data, "status" : 201,"message":"添加用户成功"})


        return Response(data=obj.errors,status=400)





class UserList(APIView):
    def get(self,request):
        obj=UserInfo.objects.all()
        ser=APIViewUserInfo(instance=obj,many=True)
        return Response(ser.data)

class upDateUser(APIView):
    def post(self,request):
        print(request.data.get('id'))
        i=request.data.get('id')
        try:
            user=UserInfo.objects.get(id=i)
        except Exception as e:
            return Response(data='不存在', status=201)
        # 创建序列化对象,并将要反序列化的数据传递给data构造参数,进而进行验证
        user.password=request.data.get('password')
        if request.data.get('name')!='':
            print(request.data.get('name')=='')
            user.name=request.data.get('name')

        user.save()
        return Response(status=400)

class deluser(APIView):
    def post(self,request):
        id=request.data.get('id')
        UserInfo.objects.filter(id=id).delete()

        return Response({"msg":'删除成功',"state":"true"})



# def index(request):
#     return HttpResponse("欢迎使用")
#
#
# def user_list(request):
#     return render(request,"user_list.html")
#
# class ApiLogin(APIView):
#     def get(self,request):
#         return HttpResponse('get')
#     def post(self,request):
#         UserInfo.objects.create(name='张三',password='123456',age=15,tel='1234567891')
#         obj=UserInfo.objects.all()
#         print(obj)
#         return HttpResponse('post')
#
# class ApiDel(APIView):
#     def post(self,request):
#         UserInfo.objects.filter(id=4).delete()
#         return HttpResponse('删除成功')

5.序列化 反序列化

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from rest_framework import serializers
from app01.models import UserInfo


class APIViewUserInfo(serializers.Serializer):
    """图书数据序列化器"""
    id = serializers.IntegerField(label='ID', read_only=True)       # 主键序列化
    # 第一:普通字段序列化
    name = serializers.CharField(label='名称', max_length=20)
    password = serializers.CharField(label='密码')
    age = serializers.IntegerField(label='年龄', required=False)
    tel = serializers.IntegerField(label='电话', required=False)
    # # 第二:一对多字段序列化
    # heroinfo_set = serializers.PrimaryKeyRelatedField(read_only=True, many=True)
    # # 第三:自定义显示(显示多对多)
    # xxx = serializers.SerializerMethodField(read_only=True)

    class Meta:
        model = UserInfo

    # 自定义显示 多对多 字段

 # 定义创建语法:ser.save()执行,就会立刻调用create方法用来创建数据
    def create(self, validated_data):
        '''validated_data: 表单或者vue请求携带的json:{"username":"zhangsan","password":"123456"}'''
        return self.Meta.model.objects.create(**validated_data)
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